Tuesday, March 1, 2016

What are some of the enzymes in Pro EM-1?

In our last post we discussed enzymes and how they are all produced by microbes. Well, considering there are 6 different species of microbes in Pro EM-1 and each one can produce a multitude of enzymes, we thought it would be a good idea to list out some of these enzymes. It is important to note that microbes produce enzymes when they are exposed to various compounds. Also, keep in mind that these metabolites are all included in Pro EM-1.

Here are enzymes are produce by just Lactobacillus casei:

It gets really cool when you start to look at what each one of these does. And, with the help of Google, it doesn't take too long to not only find out what each microbes produces, but also what each metabolite does. Most of these compounds have been researched pretty heavily so finding the info is pretty easy.  Here are just a few examples from Wikipedia:
Esterase (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esterase) is a hydrolase enzyme that splits esters into an acid and an alcohol in a chemical reaction with water called hydrolysis. A wide range of different esterases exist that differ in their substrate specificity, their protein structure, and their biological function.

Esterase (C4)
Esterase-lipase (C8)
Lipase (C14)
Leucine aminopeptidase 
Valine aminopeptidase  
Cystine aminopeptidase
Alkaline phosphatase 
Acid phosphatase 

Chymotrypsin (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chymotrypsin)is a digestive enzyme component of pancreatic juice acting in the duodenum where it performs proteolysis, the breakdown of proteins and polypeptides.

alpha-Galactosidase (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpha-galactosidase) This enzyme is a homodimeric glycoprotein that hydrolyses the terminal alpha-galactosyl moieties from glycolipids and glycoproteins. It predominantly hydrolyzes ceramide trihexoside, and it can catalyze the hydrolysis of melibiose into galactose and glucose. 

alpha-Fucosidase (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpha-L-fucosidase)  is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

an alpha-L-fucoside + H2O \rightleftharpoons L-fucose + an alcohol

No comments:

Post a Comment